Isaac Newton (4 January 1643 – 31
March 1727) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer. and
theologian. He is best known for his laws of physics including the laws of
motion. He was a central figure of the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century
and is widely recognized as one of the most influential scientists of all
His most famous work, Philosophiae
Naturalis Principia Mathematica, was published in 1687. In this work
he described the three laws of motion as well as the law of universal gravity.
It is considered one of the most famous works in scientific history as it
defined the principles of modern physics.
Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz
also independently discovered a whole new type of mathematics. Newton called it
“fluxions” (now called calculus) and it is used in advanced
engineering and science.
The reflecting telescope was also
invented by Isaac Newton in 1668. It uses mirrors to reflect light to make an
image. Many of the telescopes in use today are reflecting telescopes.
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